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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "notice award" <>
Date: Fri, 11 Nov 2005 20:44:28 +0000
Subject: Congratulation You Have Won!!!

Congratulation You Have Won...
Your Ref: Number: GLNL132/756/4007
Your Batch Number: SGN8901527-BB67

Attn: Sir/ Madam.
We are pleased to inform you of the result of The Lottery Winners
International programs held on the 11th of October 2005,Your e-mail address
attached to ticket number 27511465896-6410 with serial number 3772-510 drew
lucky numbers 7-14-88-23-31-45 which consequently won in the 1st category,
you have therefore been approved for a lump sum pay of Euro 1,000,000.00
(One Million Euro)

Due to mix up of some numbers and names, we ask that you keep your winning
information confidential until your claims has been processed and your money
Remitted to you. This is part of our security protocol to avoid double
claiming and unwarranted abuse of this program by some participants and non
All participants where selected through a computer ballot system drawn from
over 20,000 company and 30,000,000 individual email addresses and names from
all over the world we hope with part of your winning you will take part in
our next year 50 million international lottery. To file for your claim,
please contact your agent

Mr. Gilbert Anderson
Imperial Trust Agency
TEL: +31-647-264-088
Fax: +31-847-512-664

Please Remember, all winning must be claimed not later than 30th of November
2005. After this date, all unclaimed funds will be included in the next
Please note in order to avoid unnecessary delays and complications please
remember to quote your reference number and batch numbers in all
correspondence. Furthermore, should there be any change of address do inform
your agent as soon as possible. Congratulations once more from our members
of staff and thank you for being part of our promotional program. Note:
Anybody under the age of 18 is automatically disqualified.

Sincerely yours,
Mrs. Flora Van Sintel.
Lottery Co-coordinator


Anti-fraud resources: