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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: Jojo Oforma <>
Date: Tue, 27 Dec 2005 06:43:09 -0800 (PST)
Subject: Reply Urgent...........................

From Mr.Jojo Oforma,
Manager Credit and foreign Bills
ECO BANK Lome Togo
West Africa
Dear Friend ,

With due honour and respect,I am Mr.Jojo Oforma,the Manager Credit and Foreign Bills of ECO Bank Lome Togo (ECB).

We had a foreign customer Mr Arthur Smith of America who Deposited a huge sum of money, Twelve million six hundred thousand united states dollars (US$12.6million) with account number 14-255-1992/ecb/t with our Bank.Eventually,this customer was among the victims of EGYPT AIR BOEING 767 FLIGHT NO.990 that crashed on the 31th of October 1999 in U.S.A but, since the demise of Mr Smith, we have not had any body coming for the claims as the next of kin. A sitaution I have monitored closely with keen interest and with my position in the Bank.

Now, having monitored this deposit and managed it over the years before his death, and hence nobody has showed up as the next of kin for the past five years plus, I have removed the file to my private vault.
I now solicit for your assistance to present you as the next of kin as every other arrangement has being concluded by me and I am only waiting for a foreigner to enable me move the fund to his designated nominated foreign bank account in his country. This does not have any risk attached to it as all the internal documentations will be handled by me.

I have agreed to share this money with you in the ratio of 10%:30%:60% my dear 10% of the total sum will be used to pay back all the incurred expenses in the course of the transaction and 30% is compensation of your assistance while 60% is for my investment under your supervision in your country.Therefore, on receipt of your positive response, we shall then discuss or manifesto for transfer modalities . I have all necessary information and legal documents needed to back you up for claim.

To prove to you how authentic this great opportunity mean to I and you,I hereby assure you that if we do not have this fund lifted in 10 days time upon the day of application,then withdraw from this transaction.

Please for our subsiquent communication and contacts kindly send me the following when replying :

Your private mobile number.........
contact address.........................
your real name..........................
Fax number .............................

You shall also open an empty/blank Bank account which shall have no money on it to avoid conflict between I and you,this is where this fund shall be transfered into.
Your urgent assistance is needed.I awaits your urgent reply.
God bless!

Best Regards,
Mr.Jojo Oforma,

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