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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: carlos aberto <>
Date: Thu, 16 Feb 2006 18:14:34 +0100
Subject: Update

From Carlos Alberto
My name is Carlos Alberto, I work in a bank, I need your assistance in moving the sum of Six Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars {$6.5million} into your country.
Funds are ready in account manage by me, On our agreement I will make you next of kin beneficiary of funds and action cash delivery to you.

Kindly reply via below email address for further instruction on how to proceed.
Email -

Carlos Alberto.

Anti-fraud resources: