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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: emake john <>
Date: Fri, 19 May 2006 19:41:50 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: nnpc


My name is Dr. EMAKE OKAFOR, I am the Chairman of
the Tenders and Contract Award Committee of the
Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). I got
your contact address through an international business
agency attached to the Nigeria Chamber of Commerce and
I have the sum of US$20.5mmto be transferred
overseas account upon proper application without any
risk whatsoever. I used my position as the Contract
Award Committee Chairman to get this fund by
over-invoice of Contract award to a consortium of
foreign firm in 1995 for the construction of the Eleme
Petrochemical and Liquified Natural Gas Plant in Port
Harcourt, worth US$1.2 billion. The contract has been
executed and the contractor has been paid in full.
But this over-invoiced sum of US$20.5m has being kept in
a special account at the Central Bank of Nigeria, our
Apex Bank.
Now I am ready to withdraw the fund but due to the
nature of accrual of this fund, the payment can only
be made into a foreign account and it has to be
applied by a foreign beneficiary hence the contract
was executed by a foreign firm. Therefore, I need
your assistance to transfer this fund into your
account. You shall be compensated with 25% of the
fund, while 10% shall be used for the reimbursement of
any accidental expenses that we may incurred during
the course of transferring the fund into your account.
Then the remaining 65% is for me.
If you are interested in this business, I shall
urgently require from you the following through the
above private e-mail box (for more confidenciality in
this transaction.
1. Your private telephone /fax number
2. Your full name/company name and address
3. Your bank where you wish this fund to be
transferred. This should include the account number,
bank address and telephone /fax number of the bank.
There is no risk involved in this transaction hence
you keep it strictly confidential. As soon as I
receive the above information from you, I will forward
fund payment application in your favour to the Central
Bank of Nigeria for payment approval into your
account. This transaction will take us 21 working
days to accomplish.
I look forward for your urgent response.
Best regards,

Anti-fraud resources: