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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: =?UTF-8?Q?chrisofala10?= <>
Date: Mon, 22 May 2006 15:22:29 +0200


Accept the assurances of my highest regards and esteem. Before I introduce my proposal, I wish to assure you that I GUARANTEE TO FUND THIS TRANSACTION BUT I NEED TO BE ASSURED OF YOUR WILLINGNESS AND HONEST TO CARRY OUT ISSUED DIRECTIVES TO THE LATER. At no point in the course of this transaction
are you expected to give out any money whatsoever to anyone directly or remotely connected to this offer.

I am Dr. Chris Ofala Director Foreign Remittance Department of the Central Bank. We have in our bank funds from over-invoice/Inflated contract payments which I would like to remit to your country if I have your authorization. Please note the contract in question were executed by some firms from the United States. The original contractors has however received their payments in full. With your kind consent, I want these funds transfered to your country as soon as you provide the needed information to enable us complete this transaction.I will let you know exactly how much is involved only when I hear from you. In case you are willing to assist me with the repatriation of this fund, kindly email the following:
1) Telephone/fax numbers,
2) Mailing/residential address,
3) Age, sex,
4) Current occupation as soon as possible.I await to hear from you.
Always contact me on my private email address :
Kind regards
Dr. Chris Ofala

Anti-fraud resources: