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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Wanda Hoffman" <>
Date: Mon, 22 May 2006 08:40:11 -0540
Subject: -=URGENT=-

Work for you

My name is Evgen Zagoruiko, Director of SoftClub LTD.
We are a growing company in Ukraine. Our business nature is the
creation of financial and industrial software and sell them to
interested customers. We have 1 branch and several showrooms in Kiev,
We have proved professional skills to our local customers and work on
international markets already, I mean Europe and the USA.
Unfortunately we have faced some difficulties while receiving payment
for our software in the Australia as we do not have Australian bank
account to accept wire transfers and can't accept cashiers checks and
money orders as well.

At this time we are unable to open our own bank account in the

If you are looking to make additional profit we will accept you as our
representative in your country. You will keep 8% of each deal we
conduct. We plan to forward our merchandise in exchange of wire
transfers and check payments. Your part is very important: accept
funds and forward it to us. It is not a full time work but a very
convenient and fast additional income. Being our agent may grow into
future branch opening in your area if you are interested and the
business will be on up and up.
Please respond ASAP and you will get additional details on how you can
become our representative. Joining us and starting business today will
cost you nothing, just some extra income for you.
Evgen Zagoruiko,
Plese reply to:
Director of SoftClub LTD. Marketing Dept

Anti-fraud resources: