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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Rufus Moore <>
Date: Mon, 22 May 2006 08:26:53 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Next of kin


Dear Friend,

I am Barrister Rufus Moore, a Solicitor. I am the
Personal Attorney to ENGR. Gilbert wiliams, a national of your
country, who used towork with shell/oil development company in Nigeria
as the chief Engineer.
On the 2nd of may 2001, my client ,his wife And their
three children were involved in a car accident along Sagbama Express

All occupants of the vehicle unfortunately lost their
lives. Since then I have made several enquiries to their embassy to
locate any of myclients extended relatives, this has also proved

After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided
to trace hisrelatives over the Internet, to locate any member of
his family but of no avail, hence I contacted you to
assist in repatriating the money that belong to my
client before they get confiscated or declared
unserviceable by the bank where this huge deposits
were lodged.
Particularly, the Bank where the late decease had an
account valued atabout $19 million dollars has issued me a notice today
to provide thenext of kin or have the account confiscated within the
next ten official working days.
since i have been unsuccessful in locating the
elatives for over 4years now I seek your consent to present you as the
next of kin of the deceased, so that the proceeds of this account
valued at $19 million dollars can be paid to your account and then you
and me can share the money. 55% to me and 40% to you,
while 5% should be for expenses or tax as your
government mayrequire.
As soon as you indicate your interest by
sending below information:
1. Your full na me and address
2. Your telephone and fax number to

All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us
see this dealt through. I have all the documents (DEATH CERTIFICATE
AND DEPOSIT CERTIFICATE) required to this transaction I guarantee
that this will beexecuted under a legitimate arrangement that will
protect you from any breach of the law.

Best regards.

Rufus Moore(esq).

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