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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Vivian Salem <>
Date: Tue, 23 May 2006 00:31:04 +0000 (GMT)

Dear Sir,

My name is Mrs.Vivian Salem, wife of late Salem Nasim of Iraq.One year ago, I lost my husband Nasim and three children -Husam,15 year old,Wasim,12 year old and Merna, 6 year old .This Happened when a Combatant Military Tank shelled our car as my family was trying to escape heavy fighting in Baghdad.Kindly View the Website below for detail Story of how I lost my family .

Before my husband and Children were killed, he deposited a trunk box containing the sum of $29.5 million ( Twenty Nine Million five hundred thousand Dollars ),which he declared as family valuable with a Security & Finance company in Baghdad. I had contacted a Diplomat who was attached to the United Nation Peace keeping forces in Baghdad and he had assured me of assisting to move the Box through Diplomatic Cargo,ONLY if I had a PARTNER to receive it on my behalf .

All I need from you is to receive the Fund as my husband business Associates and Invest the fund into any Lucrative Investment in your country.I will renumerate you with 30 % at the end,but most of all is that I solicit your trust in this transaction and will not want you to betray me at the end Please in your reply , include your Mobile number ,Home telephone number and your residential or company address for easy Communication.

Please reply through this e-mail address:

Thank you,

Mrs.Vivian Salem

- Vivian Salem

Anti-fraud resources: