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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 20 Sep 2006 23:36:51 +0200
Subject: SEND ME REPLY TO MY PRIVATE FAX: +27865133434

Dearest Friend,

I am Dr Bito Momo, I worked with (Foreign Exchange Remittance Department FNB) I have USD$35,000,000 to transfer to any trusted foreign partner account for our mutual benefit and investment in your country. Email back for details if you are interested in this business as it will take us only 7 working days to move the fund into your account. From the day I get your Reply

1) Your full name and home address and office and your company address
2) Your direct telephone number where I can get you always
3) Your account details where you want this money to be transferred

Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated.


Dr Bito Momo,
Mobile +27-839252336 call me after 4:pm office hour to avoid my secretary.

Anti-fraud resources: