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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 6 Dec 2006 17:27:00 +0100 (CET)

Dear Sir/Madam,
With Due Regard.
Kindly accept my apology for sending unsolicited mail to you.I believe
you are a highly respected personality, considering the fact that I sourced your profile from a human resource profile database on your country.
Though, I do not know to what extent you are familiar with events and
fragile political situation in Liberia but it has formed consistent
headlines in the CNN, BBC news bulletins.

My name is Miss. Joy Nuhan Vaye from Liberia, a Country in West Africa And My father is Issac Nuhan Vaye, Deputy Minister of Public Works, Liberia.He was falsely accused of plotting to remove the then
Without trial my father was killed by Charles Taylor and his government agent.You can verify this from your country. You can also check in some of the international newspapers posted in the web sites below:


Before my father was killed, he moved out the sum of $1.5 million
through a diplomatic means, and deposited it with a Security Company Abroad.

All that is needed is for my lawyer to obtain a letter o authorisation with your name as my foreign business partner and instruct the company to transfer the funds to your account as my foreign business partner, I will renumerate you with 20% at the end, but most of all is that I solicit your is your sincere trust in this transaction.

I have been confined only to our country home and all my calls are
monitored,therefore on receipt o your positice response I will forward to you the contact information of a lawyer i have approached to assist me here so that you can contact him to get the necessary legal documents that will be required to retrieve the fund from the custody of the security company.
you will aid me to invest the money in your country.

Lastly,kindly include your private telephone and fax numbers where you can always be reached, your residential or company address for my documentation, i will also hand it over to the lawyer so that he will call you on the way forward to proceed with the transaction. you as well reach me with my private
email address: (OR)

Sincerely One,

Miss. Amita NUHAN VAYE

Anti-fraud resources: