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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Agama <>
Date: Tue, 20 Feb 2007 03:02:10 -0500 (EST)
Subject: From Paul Agama

From: Mr. Paul Agama
The Financial Controller and The Chairman Contract
Award Committee,Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation


I am Mr. Paul Agama ,the Financial Controller and Contract Award Committee Chairman in the Nigerian National petroleum corporation [N.N.P.C. ] in Lagos, Nigeria. My colleagues have assigned me to seek for assistance of a reliable foreigner through whom we can
transfer the sum of US$28,600,000.00 (Twenty-Eight Million,Six Hundred Thousand U.S. Dollars) which arose from the deliberate over-inflated contract value for the General maintainance of Kaduna and Warri Refineries on behalf of Nigerian National Petroleum
Corporation [N.N.P.C ] IN THE YEAR 1998. The contract was awarded in 1998 during the General Sani Abacha regime to a foreign firm with the consideration of 10% commission agreement on the total contract value of US$286,000,000. The contract has been completed and the contractor has long been paid, we are now left with this US$28,600,000 representing
the 10% (our own share) as agreed with the contractor presently in the FOREIGN PAYMENT DIVISION OF CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA reflating as forign debts awaiting
remmittance into foreign account . The Current favourable political/economic climate in this country now presented an opportunity for this money to be transferred out of our country.

Our contact in the Federal Ministry of Finance have given us a go ahead advice to process the release of this fund hence we have set in motion the machinery for the take off of this transaction and further action will commence immediately we hear from you.

Please note that as soon as the Federal Ministry of Finance grants approval for the transfer of the money into your bank account they shall inform your bank and accompany the transfer with legal documents showing that the money is legal and legitimately acquired in
the Federal Republic of Nigeria through the execution of government contract(s).

We have agreed that after the transfer of the money into your account,you shall be entitled to 25% of the total amount transferred, while the emaining 65% will be for me and my colleagues and 10% mapped out for expenses. We decided to give you his percentage in
order to motivate you and also to let you feel satisfied at the end of this transaction. The nature of your business or profession is not particularly relevant for the success of this transaction. All we require is your willingness to co-operate and assurance that our own part will be given to us when this money is transferred into your account. All necessary precautions have been taken to ensure a risk-free situation on the sides of both parties and it is believed that the conclusion of this transaction will not last more than 14 working days.

Since we have no knowledge of business, our plan is to invest this money into Real Estate, Stocks and we can also invest in some other profitable businesses in your country based on your advice because many of our years have been spent as civil servant, and we may
likely resign from government service to private business after this money is transferred into your account. Please note that this business is strictly confidential and must not be disclosed to a third party. This is necessary to avoid disclosure that may
jeopardize the transaction.

Finally, if this proposal is acceptable to you, or if you have any questions, feel free to contact me. Send your reply together with your bank details as follows:

Your bank name
Your bank address
Your bank account number
beneficiary's name
Your privates phone number

I wait to hear from you

Best regards,

Mr. Paul Agama

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