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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: alfred kodjo <>
Date: Tue, 27 Feb 2007 20:29:42 +0700 (ICT)
Subject: ``Erwin co-operation from Mr. Alfred

Dear friend,

I'm Mr.Alfred Kodjo from Lome Togo the only son of late Mr. David Kodjo.My father was poisoned to death on Dec 23, 2005 by his fellow diamond/gold business associate in Accra Ghana.

My father told me my mother suffered high blood pressure and died when I was 3 years old, but now I'm 24 years. In the light of the above, I have contacted you to assist me to transfer out of Togo the sum of $12 million US dollars, which my father deposited in one box as family treasure with a safety company for my future, I would like the fund to get to you so that you safe-keep it for me after which I will come over to your country in due course to live and school. You will invest this money for me in commercial estate or any other business of your choice you deem healthy.

For your effort, I am prepared to give you 20% of the total funds. I am looking forward to hearing from you while thanking you for your anticipated cooperation in this regard.

Please give me also your phone numbers for better communication between us.

Kind Regards,
Mr Alfred Kodjo

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Anti-fraud resources: