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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michel Koffi" <>
Date: Sat, 28 Apr 2007 13:50:30 +0000


Dear Friend,

I am MR MICHEL KOFFI,The Financial Controller in charge of Auditing and
Accounting section of UNION TRUST BANK,Lome-Togo in West Africa, with due
respect and regards, I write to solicit your assistance and collaboration in
actualising a business/financial transaction.I decided to contact you on
this business transaction hoping that it will be very beneficial to both of
us at its succesful conclusion.

As it may interest you to know, your contact was obtained at the office of
the American Embassy in Lome-Togo as I was going through some business
directories. I was divinely and spiritually motivated to pick your e-mail
specially to champion this. The amount is large, accepted, but I have the
feeling that you can conveniently handle it without any problem. During our
investigation and auding in this bank, my department came across a very huge
sum of money belonging to a deceased person who died in November 2000 in
a plane crash. The fund has been dormant in his account under our custody
without any claim of the fund either from his family or relation before our
discovery to this development. Our financial policy stipulates that if a
current account is not operated for more than 9 years, the proceed of that
account is confiscated and taken over by the bank.

Personally, I kept this information after the discovery secret between me
and my partner. We also smartly audited the account to sooth our purpose for
a future plan. This plan is now suitable for execution as we have done all
the spade work against future findings. The said amount was USD$14m
(Fourteen million, United States Dollars) Meanwhile all the whole
arrangement and necessary approvals to put claim over this fund as the
bonafide next of kin to the deceased, has been gotten and put in place. Our
immediate requirement is to have a willing and cooperative foreign partner
who will stand as the next of kin and this money will be transferred into
his/her account. Directives and needed documents or information will be
relayed to you as soon as you indicate your interest and willingness to
assist us in actualising this great plan. This is a golden opportunity to
benefit yourself and indirectly make our living in this world worth the

In fact, we could have done this deal alone but because of our position in
this country as civil servants. We are not allowed to operate a foreign
account while under service. As an executive staff in the bank, eye brows
may be raised during the course of transfer if our account is used. I hope
you understand. This is the actual reason why it will require a foreign
party who will forward claims as the next of kin. On your request to the
bank and after the official protocols, this money will be transferred into
any given foreign account by you. This aspect has been duly taken care of by

I will not fail to inform you that this transaction is 100% risk free and
will be transacted in the most legitimate manner. It may interest you to
know that at the conclusion of this business, you will be entitled to 30% of
the total sum as compensation, while 60% will be held on trust for me and my
partner. The balance of 10% will be set aside to take care of expenses on
both sides that may arise during the course of transfer. We intend to enter
into partnership business with you in your country or any country you deem
suitable.Please,keep top secret and confidential of this proposal as we are
still in service and do not want to risk the loss of our job.We hope to
happily retire from service after we conclude this deal with you.

I personally will be monitoring the transaction and situation here in the
bank until you confirm the eventual transfer of the money in your account.
We shall visit your country for celebration and subsequent sharing of the
fund according to percentages previously indicated and to discuss about
further investment. Other information will be sent to you when I hear from
you.I suggest you get back to me as soon as possible stating your wish in
this deal. For the confidentiality of this business please reply

My regards.

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