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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Frank Atsu <>
Date: Fri, 27 Jul 2007 08:47:15 +0000
Subject: Good day,

Good day,

with great delight and deeper happiness have made me to put these few lines of mine to you and before I proceed further, it will be nice asking of your present health condition and business in general. Hope fine?

I never intend using this message to upset you and any ways, but to seek your hands over an urgent assistance that I believe it will benefit both of us.

My father died and left behind the sum of $15.5 million united states dollars which he deposited in bank vault for sake keeping and onward transfer here in Ghana. all modalities has been put in place for immediate onward transfer to any nominated account of my beneficiary.

Please, kindly come to aid, for I am willing to offer 15% of the total sum for your assistance.

Kindly reply, if you have interest of helping me this project.

Looking forward to hear from you soon.

Best Regards,Frank Barnes.
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Anti-fraud resources: