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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Emmanuel Isu" <> (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 23 Sep 2007 00:45:06 -0700
Subject: Please reply immediately!!

Dear Friend,

My name is Emmanuel Isu from Nigeria; I am the Deputy Governor of Ebonyi State in Nigeria, I need your help to move out some amount of money to your country for investment. I have made every arrangement with my account officer to move out the sum of ($25 million) to a foreign account for investment. And I am willing to give you 10% of the total amount if you agree to help receive the funds.

Secondly, considering my position in government here, I would want you to handle this transaction confidential because of my position, because we are being monitored by Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC). I would be very glad if I can archive this through you. Please reply back immediately with your full contact details if you are interested in this proposal.

Thanks and best regards.

Engr Emmanuel Isu.

Anti-fraud resources: