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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: hagan egyir <>
Date: Mon, 10 Dec 2007 23:21:26 +0000
Subject: how ar you

Good day sir.
Can you please email me the other bus
I am arranging to come over to your country for an investment. I am much interested in a straight developments, buying land, improving it (getting permits and zoning for building), and building.
iness plans you can put together? I would like to read the prospectus to consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses carefully before investing.
However, I am afraid of bringing in a large sum of money to your country. I am in need of your response to this arrangement to enable me find out the situation in your country regarding the limit of money someone is allowed to bring into the country without question.
Please get back to me ASAP.
Hagan Egyir.
Alternative email
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Anti-fraud resources: