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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Carlos Moreno <>
Date: Tue, 29 Apr 2008 18:33:59 -0700 (PDT)

PO Box 10720
217 Strand
London WC2R 1AP

My Dear,

I have a very important request, that is what made me to contact you; I am Mr. Moreno Carlos, I found Your profile very interesting and decided to
reach you directly to solicit your assistance and Guidelines in making
a business investment and transfer of (12.5M GBP) to your country
within the Next few days. I presently work as a senior Accounts
Director, Offshore Mortgage & Services with Natwest Bank Plc, London.
But at this moment, I am constrained to issue more details about this
profitable Business investment until I get your response by mail.
Please take out a moment of your very busy Schedule today to respond
back if you are interested; please send your direct telephone numbers
through this email ( for an initial confidential
communication. I wish for utmost confidentiality in handling this

Awaiting your reply,
Mr. Moreno Carlos
Senior Accounts officer

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