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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (
Date: Wed, 11 Jun 2008 14:42:19 +0000
Subject: GOOD DAY[CODE NO: AM-001].

Good Day,

I sincerely hope that this letter will not come to you as a surprise or an
embarrassment since we neither knew each other before nor had any neither
previous correspondence nor contact. Let me start by introducing myself. I am
Mr.Joseph C.Y Poon, Director of Operations of the Hang Seng Bank Ltd, Sai Wan

Ho Branch, Hong Kong.
I have an obscured business suggestion for you.
Should you be further interested, I would prefer you to reach me on the email
address below:( and finally after that I shall

provide you with more details of this business proposal.

Kind Regards,
Mr.Joseph Poon

Anti-fraud resources: