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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Paul Acquah" <>
Date: Fri, 20 Jun 2008 20:48:56 +0100
Subject: Re:Urgent Interest Payment

Bank Of Ghana.
Annex Building
P. M. B 12194 ,
High Street
Accra Ghana.





I am Dr.Paul Acquah, governor, Head of Treasury department Bank Of Ghana,
your over-due contract/inheritance funds was brought to our bank from
Economic Community of west African States (Ecowas) Board of trustee
committee chairman, which we are indebted to pay via Telegraphic Wire
Transfer (KTT)/International Certified Bank Draft for all out standing
contract/inheritance funds.

Be advised to expedite action urgently to ensure the swift release of these
your over-due funds, because the CBN officials wants the accrued interest to
be paid to them but we refused because of their bureaucratic Nigerian
banking, so when they find out that your accrued interest funds is still
out-standing in our bank they would like to recall back these funds into
their Federal Reserve Treasury as an Escrow account and unclaimed funds to
the government.

Heed to reconfirm your identification for example, your international
passport or your drivers license, then your telephone and fax number for
easy communication with your mailing address your designated bank account
details to ensure the immediate transfer of these funds as scheduled without
any further impediments.

It's deemed necessary you facilitate these Funds because the C.B.N auditors
do come to our bank to cross-check our files and our financial update.
As a matter of fact we donot hav e enough time to waste since we have wasted
time in contacting our respective customers who has suffered for long in
hands of wrong bank officials and syndicates, so try and comply with the
necessary remittance requirements to ensure the swift release of these funds
into your account and also send you a transfer confirmation to enable you
notify your bank about the incoming funds.

We await your utmost call on: +233-24-3256726, for more clarification.

Yours in Service,

Dr.Paul Acquah,
Bank Of Ghana(BOG).

Anti-fraud resources: