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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Fri, 20 Jun 2008 22:32:41 +0000

From: Daniel Ghalib
Koumassi - Abidjan
Cote D'Ivoire.

We have substantial amount of money we need to invest abroad. I and my
Sister *Almira** *and are refugees in Cote D'Ivoire, a West African country,
and the money in question is an inheritance left for us by our late father,
who was a Diamond and Gold dealer before his death.
We escaped with our father to this country after our mother died in the
civil war. Our father also got killed by rebels who were then fighting the
Ivorian Government in the northern city of Bourke while he was away on
business. This was a very sad moment for us having escaped war in our
country to loose our father in the war in another country. We are hoping you
are in a good position to help us in the transfer and proper investment of
this money in your country.

Please for security reasons, I cannot disclose much information to you now
until you have assured us that we can trust you to receive and invest the
money for us. My younger sister and I are currently living in the in
Abidjan, but we will like to relocate to your country because our condition
here is not good. We need to continue our education, while you invest and
manage the money on our behalf.

We hope to receive your reply to the above request as soon as you read this

God bless you.

Daniel Ghalib

Anti-fraud resources: