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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "chu chan" <>
Date: Mon, 7 Jul 2008 21:53:39 +0100
Subject: Investment Opportunity.


My name is Chu Chan a citizen of North Korea; I would like you to guide me
through the most viable investment opportunities in your Country.
Alternatively, I can invest in your line of business perhaps if it?s viable.
I am one of the defectors from the North and I am currently residing in Ho
Chi Minh (Saigon), Vietnam.

I have been in this country for sometime after defecting from the North, I
was into currency exchange business and I was always traveling to other
parts of Asia and Europe and during that period, I was able to move out my
funds and deposit it in a financial institution in Europe. I want to invest
this funds in your country with your help and advice because we are being
treated as foreigners here and watched because the Korean government believe
we are security treat, A lot of defectors now go on to Canada or the United
States and some parts of Europe to live.

I want you to send me a complete breakdown of the investment opportunities
in your country and also let me know what exactly I need to do to enable you
invest the funds for me in your country. If interested, I will then come
over to your country after you receive the funds and work out the investment
plans with you. After I hear from you and find out the best investment
business you can introduce to me, I will tell you how much is involved. I
will expect your response together with your contact details.

Regards and God Bless,
Chu Chan.

Anti-fraud resources: