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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "michael kojo" <>
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 2008 00:52:30 +0100
Subject: Mr.Michael Kojo

*Dear Honest One, *
*After going through your profile I wish to do business with you. I got your
reference through a personal search and I have this strong personal
conviction that you can handle this transaction perfectly on my behalf; also
I believed that you will assist me to invest my own share in a lucrative
business in your country. I am Mr.Michael Kojo, a branch manager with a bank
here in Ghana.

I have packaged a financial transaction that will benefit both of us.As a
branch manager with the bank, it's my duty to send financial reports to my
head office in the capital city of Accra-Ghana. On the course of the 2007
end of the year's report, my branch in which I am the manager made Five
million eight hundred and fifty thousand united state dollars
($5,850,000.00) of which my head Office is not aware of and will never be
aware of have since then PLACED this fund on NON-RESIDENT ACCOUNT without a

As a Manager with the bank, I cannot be directly connected to this money
thus I am compelled to request for your assistance to receive this money
into your bank account intend to part with 30% of this fund to you as
gratification while 70% shall be for me but I need your own opinion on this.
If you accept my offer, contact me immediately for more details.

NOTE: There are practically no risk involve in this transaction. It will be
a bank-to-bank transfer. All I need from you is to stand as the original
depositor of this fund and provide an account where this money will be
transferred into.

I will appreciate your immediate reply for more details and the next step to
follow for the success of this transaction.


*Mr.Michael Kojo*

*Note: I am dealing with you on a personal note. Hence you have to keep this
transaction confidential.*

Anti-fraud resources: