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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Ormerod" <>
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 2008 02:45:38 +0100
Subject: Business

Dear Sir/Madam,

I wish to contact you personally for a business transaction of GBP
£30,000,000 (Thirty Million British Pounds Sterling) hopefully that
you will respond positively to this offer. I need a reliable, honest
and capable person who will be able to handle this transaction hence I
am contacting you, and I believe that you will never turn down my
request. I am the Auditor General of the Audit Committee, Halifax
Bank of Scotland, United Kingdom. With your sincere assistant and
co-operation, we can finalise this transaction, and be rest assured
that this deal is worth taking and highly profitable. At this moment,
I will not issue the details of this transaction until your positive
response is granted.

For further correspondence regarding this business proposal, send your
response to for more details or ring me on 44 70 45
784271 for further discussion on this. Thanks for your attention.

Kind regards.

john ormerd

Audit Committeea
Bank of Scotland Plc
Cell: 44 70 45 784271

Anti-fraud resources: