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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "aliu mustapha" <>
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 2008 14:00:41 +0200

*Dear Friend,*

*I know you might be skeptical receiving this email (as we have not known
each other). There is however no reason to be apprehensive as all I request
is for your co-operation to have the sum of US$15,500,000.00 transferred out
of our bank here in Benin.*

*Everything regarding the transaction is already perfected, so (if you are
interested) you should please email me with the following information:*

*1. Full Names *

*2. Address (physical)
3. Telephone numbers and fax (if applicable) *

*So that we can reach an agreement and kick-start the transaction.
Should it be that you are not interested in this, please just disregard my
email and never let anyone know about it. *

Aliu Mustapha*

*00229 93460071.

Anti-fraud resources: