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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Gilbert Bongo" <>
Date: Fri, 11 Jul 2008 02:40:27 +0100
Subject: Please Read/Reply Now.

Please Read.

My name is Mr. Gilbert Bongo, I am the credit officer in First National
Bank, Benin Republic. I have a business proposal in the tune of $49m to be
transferred to an offshore account with your assistance.

On the 2nd of January 2005, I received a call that one of my customer died
in the Tsunami Disaster with his wife and only child on vacation at Phuket
Island in Thailand.

Since then I have made several enquiries to locate any of my customer
extended relatives and until date have not succeeded. I am contacting you to
assist me in repatriating the money left behind by my client before it gets
confiscated by our bank or declared unserviceable by our bank where this
deposit is lodged.

After the successful transfer, we shall share in ratio of 30% for you and
60% for me. While 10% should be given to charity organization here in
Africa. If you are really interested, please respond to my letter
immediately, so we can commence all arrangements and I will give you more
information on the project and how we would handle it. Please treat this
business with utmost confidentiality.

We shall start the first transfer with (Nine Million United States Dollars
only), upon the successful actualization of the first transfer without any
disappointment from your side, we shall re-apply for the release of the
remaining payment to your account. I have the original copy of the deceased
Last Statement of Account, which will be used to substantiate our
inheritance claims.

All I require is your consent and honest co-operation to enable us see the
deal through.

You can contact me on my private email: ( and send me
the following information for documentation purpose:

(1)Full names:

(2) Private phone number:

(3) Current residential address:


I look forward to hearing from you.

Kind Regards,

Mr. Gilbert Bongo.

Direct Phone No: +22997464521

Anti-fraud resources: