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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DR RICHARD" <>
Date: Wed, 23 Jul 2008 04:28:02 +0200
Subject: Contact my Account Keeper In MALI.

My dear,

I am very happy to inform you that I have succeeded in transferring the
fund out of my home Country with the help of a new partner from
Tuvalu, I am now in Tuvalu for an investment and Tuvalu is composed of 9
coral atolls along a 360 mile chain in Polynesia. They gained independence
in 1978 the former Ellice Islands (Brief).

Now, I want you to contact my secretary on the information below: Name:
John Caroline ask him to send to you the total sum of (USD$1.2Million)
in a bank draft, which I kept for you as a compensation, his
e-mail is: ( and send him the below information
to enable him deliver your bank draft to you ASAP.

1. YOUR FULL NAME:_________________
2. YOUR ADDRESS:____________________________
3. TELEPHONE NUMBER:___________
4. OCCUPATION:_________________


Anti-fraud resources: