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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: teresagarcia_elgordo <>
Date: Mon, 28 Jul 2008 21:04:43 +0100
Subject: Mrs.Angela Lopez

Mrs.Angela Lopez

You are lucky to have been selected
among the 50 Recipient,your Email
Address attached to a Ticket Number(KL 045905)
has won an Award Sum of of 1,200,000.00.
(One Million Two Hundred Thousand Euros)
in Elgordo de la Primitiva.
For further inquiry,please Contact
our Fiduciary Agent:
Name: Mr.Gerald Erichsen
Tel: +34-634-182-395
Mrs.Angela Lopez.

The information transmitted in this email message is confidential and solely intended for the addressee. Publication, copying, dispersal and/or transmitting this information is not permitted without express prior written permission from Nyenrode Business Universiteit. Nyenrode is not liable for the correct and full transmission of the content of any email message sent, or for its timely reception. No contract can arise by means of email. This can only come about on headed letter paper with an original signature from the authorized individual.

Anti-fraud resources: