fighting spam and scams on the Internet
Try our spam filter!
Free trial for 30 days

About Us

"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "=?iso-8859-1?Q?AWARD_NOTIFICATION?=" <>
Date: Sat, 9 Aug 2008 14:37:44 +0200
Subject: ****** SPAM ****** =?iso-8859-1?Q?Re:_claim?=

Spam detection software, running on the system "", has
identified this incoming email as possible spam. The original message
has been attached to this so you can view it (if it isn't spam) or label
similar future email. If you have any questions, see
the administrator of that system for details.

Content preview: You have won $1,000,000 Consult Dr. Kevin Green by phone and
email. Email: Tel:+31-64-7269-378 Your email address has
won(one million Dollars) in Microsoft internet lotto held in Netherlands.
Ref.No:816,Batch No:14 [...]

Content analysis details: (2.0 points, 1.0 required)

pts rule name description
---- ---------------------- --------------------------------------------------
1.3 MISSING_HEADERS Missing To: header
0.6 US_DOLLARS_3 BODY: Mentions millions of $ ($NN,NNN,NNN.NN)
0.0 BAYES_50 BODY: Bayesian spam probability is 40 to 60%
[score: 0.5007]
0.1 RDNS_NONE Delivered to trusted network by a host with no rDNS

Anti-fraud resources: