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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Iwu <>
Date: Fri, 22 Aug 2008 15:53:27 -0700 (PDT)

I have a new email address!You can now email me at:

- - Hello dear, congratulations, I am Mr.Paul Iwu from Zenith Bank Plc, Based on consultation in 1992 of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the due process law of 2002 of the federal republic of Nigeria. I was directed to contact you regarding your over due payment that has not been paid.Please note that after our meeting today been Friday 09-04-2008, it was made clear to us that you have not receive your fund and you have try all you could but our former government that suppose to release this fund did not. Please also note that this fund is now in my bank lying down unclaimed right now, so if you are willing to receive this fund,kindly forward this information below so that I well proceed.1) Your full name …2) Your Phone, fax and mobile #...3) Your occupation/position………………4) Company address. (IF ANY)…………..5) Profession, age and marital status……….6) House address.............7) Any kind of identification's ID Card/ International passport. Finally: You Are Officially Advised To Call Us As Soon As You Receive This Email on This Number +234-08032672953 Once again congregation for payment approve by the all the board directors in Nigeria .I wait to here from you today.Your urgent response needed Dr..Paul Iwu Chief.Exec/MD Zenith Bank Plc.

Anti-fraud resources: