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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: =?utf-8?q?Mrs=20Vivian=20Salem?= <>
Date: Sat, 23 Aug 2008 03:00:26 -0700 (PDT)

¡Tengo nueva dirección de correo!Ahora puedes escribirme

- Greetings, My name is Mrs.Vivian Salem , wife of late Salem Nasim in Iraq, One year ago, I lost my husband Nasim and three children - Husam, 15 years old , Wasim, 12 years old and Merna, 6years old, this happened when a Combatant Military Tank Shelled our car as my family attempted to flee heavy fighting in Baghdad. View the Explosion site below: My husband was a renowned Industrialist in Iraq, until his tragic death, he deposited the sum of $6.5million (Six million, Five Hundred Thousand United States dollars) with a Security & Finance Firm in Europe for safe keeping. My reason for contacting you is that Baghdad -Iraq is no longer a safe place for investment for the fear of encountering the same experience of my late husband in future since massive bomb attack are going on Every day killing innocent people,hence my need to invest this money in your country, either in real estate or any viable business venture you may suggest. Based on this point I seek for your assistance as a reliable partner to Do this project with me abroad. If you are interested in assisting me to invest this money in your country and becoming my partner in business, please try to contact me as soon as possible through Endeavor to keep this transaction very private and confidential because it's my lifetime future investment as I am a widow now and the fact that I am from Iraq. Do include the following details in your reply. (1) Full name and address (2) Occupation (3) Your age (4) telephone Number for easy Communication. Yours faithfully, Mrs.Vivian Salem. PLEASE SEND ALL RESPONSE TO MY PRIVATE EMAILS:

Anti-fraud resources: