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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: William Gibbon <>
Date: Mon, 1 Sep 2008 01:21:55 -0700 (PDT)

I have a new email address!You can now email me at:

- Dear Partner, PROPOSITION FOR PARTNERSHIP, My name is Mr. William Gibbon, Human Resources Director of Barclays Bank Plc, London. I am writing in respect of a Switzerland British Citizen customer of my bank Mr. Ratnavale Victor, dual citizen of Switzerland and Britain , who died together with his wife (Ratnavale Joyce) in a Plane crash on Monday 7th September 1998 GMT 14:22 UK while they were flying from New York to Geneva. Please see site below for more information., The late Mr. Victor Ratnavale left in our bank the sum of Twenty Five Million Pounds Sterling (£25 Million Pounds Sterling) and nobody will ever come for this money because he died with his entire family. I am the only person that is aware of this money since Mr. Victor Ratnavale did not give to my bank any next of kin to inherit his money. Now, I want to use my position in the bank to transfer this money to your country for investment. If you can provide me with an account where I can transfer this (twenty five million pounds sterling) £25 Million Pounds Sterling. I will give you 35% of this entire fund while the remaining 60% shall be for me, extra 5% will be for reimbursement of expenses incured prior to completion of transfer. I am hoping to get a favourable response from you. Kindly send your reply to my Email:, Below are the informations we need to enable us transfer the Funds to your desire Account. A]. Bank Name.......B]. Bank Address (including Phone & fax numbers).......C]. Swift Code......D]. Your Account Number......E]. Your Account Name ........F]. Your Address (including Phone & fax numbers)........G]. Your Name, Contact Address, Telephone and fax numbers, occupation, date of birth, Sex and Marital Status..H]. Your scanned international passport or drivers license for proper identification. Regards, Mr. William Gibbon. Tel: +44 7031849537

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