fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447045752265 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: (sent from abused email account)
Date: Sat, 15 Nov 2008 12:07:46 +0000
SWEEPSTAKES ONLINE LOTTERY
Ref : LSUK/2031/8161/06
Please be informed that your e-mail address just won for you a prize from our
2nd category, You are therefore been approved to claim a total sum of
£850,000.00 (Eight Hundred And Fifty Thousand, Pounds Sterlings) in cash
credited to file.To file for your claims and further explanation, Please send
your reply to our VALIDATING OFFICER with the below details required for
immediate validating of your winnings. Contact him via e-mail below:
On contacting our Validating Officer you are to provide the below information:
FULL NAME,CONTACT ADDRESS,STATE/CITY,COUNTRY,NATIONALITY,
OCCUPATION,SEX, AGE AND PHONE NUMBER.
Name: Sir Alex Moore
Tele: +44 704 5752 265
+44 704 5720 293
Mrs Rose Hughes
Online Coordinator for Sweepstakes Online Promo