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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: zurich lotterien <>
Date: Tue, 16 Dec 2008 17:34:41 +0100

Zürich LotterienInformation and Payment Bureau:London Representative Office
My name is Mr. Stevens Herbart. I'm directed to contact you by
the Director Remittance Department, to urgently confirm from
you if actually you know one Mrs. Emily Dawson who claims to
be your business associate/ partner in London, UK.
This are the information forwarded to my desks by Mrs. Emily
Dawson of CANADA to re-route your payment into a new bank
account number as stated (VACAP Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood
Road, Richmond, CA 23720. Account number 492453201. Routing
number 85226456, Of Mrs. Dawson. The Sum of €1,000,000.00(One
Million Euro).
As you may know, the total amount in your favor is a total sum
of €1,000,000.00(One Million Euro). We need to confirm from
you urgently before this Bank paid the Money to her and if
it's really true that you are dead and if we did not hear from
you it automatically means that you are actually dead and the
information passed to us by Mrs. Emily Dawson is correct.
Your swift response will help this Office a lot, Fax or Email
me your acknowledgement letter
As soon as this information's are received we will proceed in
releasing your long awaited fund to you through this
designated Paying Bank. Kindly ensure that you call me upon
the receipt of this mail with the information below for acknowledgement and further

Best Regards.
Mr. Stevens Herbart.Zürich LotterienInformation and Payment Bureau:London Representative OfficeHelp Service ContactTel: +44 701-115-0676Fax:

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