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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: ryafile12 <>
Date: Wed, 24 Dec 2008 03:02:25 -0800

Attn Sir,

Please pardon me as I am aware that this is not a conventional way of
relaying an important message such as this. I did try without success to
locate either your contact address or fax number and as such, I sorted in
contacting you via email.

My name is Mr.Gary Anderson, a senior partner in the firm of Marcei Consults
Inc, in Nottingham, United Kingdom; we are a Private Investigators,Security
Consultants and Financial Managers. We are conducting a standard process
investigation/Recommendation on behalf of African Development Bank Group
(ADB), The African Investment Banking Conglomerate.This investigation
involves an account holder (Name Withheld) who bears the same surname with
you and also the circumstances surrounding his investments at ADB Invest
Account, the Investment Banking arm of African Development Bank Group. The
ADB Private Investment client died intestate and nominated no successor in
title over the investments made with the bank amounting to over SEVEN
Million US Dollars.The essence of this communication with you is to request
that you provide us information/comments on any or all of the four issues as
regards nominating you to inherit the fund left behind by this client.

Your answers and response(s) to the questions raised below will determine
recommendation to the ADB towards legally appointing you to inherit this
investment fund after certified investigation has yielded results showing
that there is no known relation of the deceased client.

1-Are you aware of any relative/relation born on the 2nd of February 1951,
who bears your same surname whose last known contact address was
Angola,South Africa?

2-Are you aware of any investment of considerable value made by such a
person at the Investment Banking Division of ADB Bank Group?

3-Can you confirm your willingness to accept this inheritance if you are
legally and legitimately appointed.

4-Would you agree to donate part of this inheritance to charity if you are
officially approved to stand as the inheritor?

It is pertinent that you inform me ASAP whether or not you are familiar with
this personality or and your interest towards the issues mentioned.

You must appreciate that we are constrained from providing you with more
detailed information at this point. We will provide you with additional
information upon receipt of your response.

Thank you for accommodating our inquiry.

Mr.Gary Anderson
Marcei Consults Inc.
Nottingham. NG7 6LH
United Kingdom

Anti-fraud resources: