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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Online Co-Ordinator" <>
Date: Sat, 27 Dec 2008 18:14:05 +0000
Subject: UK National Lottery Board,

On the behalf of the UK National Lottery Board, I
hereby announce that your email has been drawn
winner of the program held on
Sat 1st November. 08. Your e-mail address won in
the 2nd category and
you are hereby entitled to 500 000GBP (Five
Hundred Thousand Pounds).
Contact Mr J. Hall,
Your Full
Kevin Hensley

Anti-fraud resources: