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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John B. Alhassan" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 24 Feb 2009 11:00:32 +0000
Subject: =?windows-1256?Q?Reliable_B?= =?windows-1256?Q?usiness=FE?=

Dear Friend,

Please, I want to introduce myself and this business opportunity to you. My name is Mr John B. Alhassan, AUDITING AND ACCOUNTING MANAGER, I wish to know if we can work together. I would like you to stand as the next of kin to our foreign deceased customer Mr. Morris Thompson, of Fairbanks, Alaska America who died on January 31st 2000 with Alaska Airlines Flight 261, who made a deposit of Nine Million Three Hundred Thousand United State Dollars (US$9.300,000) with my bank.

You can as well confirm it by yourself through under stated Website of the incident

He died without any registered Next of Kin and as such the funds now have an open beneficiary mandate. If you are interested please do let me know so that I can give you comprehensive details on what we are to do. I urgently hope to get your response as soon as possible.

Best regards,
Mr John B. Alhassan.

Anti-fraud resources: