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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Grace Oliko <>
Date: Fri, 27 Feb 2009 09:35:36 -0800 (PST)

I have a new email address!You can now email me at:

- Hello My Good Friend, I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting those funds transferred under the co-operation of a new partner from Paraguay.Presently, I'm in Paraguay for investment projects with my own share of the total sum. meanwhile,i didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in transferring those funds despite that it failed us some how. Now contact my passtor in Benin Republic, his name is passtor Patrick Lucas, on email:(, ask him to send you the total of 750,000.00 (Seven Hundred And Fifty Thousand euro Only)which i kept for your compensation for all the past efforts and attempts to assist me in this matter. I appreciated your efforts in that period very much. so feel free and get in touch with my passtor,passtor Patrick Lucas, and instruct him where to send the amount to you. Please do let me know immediately you receive it so that we can share the joy after all the sufferings in that period. In this m!
oment, I'm very busy here because of the investment projects which me and my new partner are having at hand,finally, remember that I had forwarded instruction to my pastor on your behalf to receive that money, so feel free to get in touch with passtor Patrick Lucas with this email address:(, he will send the amount to you without any delay. Remember to inform me when you have collected the money from him.Thank You very much.Remain Your Bosome Friend,Mrs Grace Oliko

Anti-fraud resources: