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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (sent from abused email account)
Date: Mon, 16 Mar 2009 14:59:21 -0400
Subject: <<<Email Account Reward For Internet Users>>>

Dear Inernet User

We are pleased to notify you the "Winner" of the E-Promotions NL. Cyber
Lotto draws.

Reference Number: TIS-404/8231
e-ticket number: PP 3812 /2009
Category: A
Amount: $2,500,000.00 (Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand Dollars)
You may wish to establish contact with your claims agent via e-mail with
the particulars presented below:

Contact:Mr.David Gant
Tel :+31 64728 3953

In line with the governing rules of claim, you are requested to furnish
your claims agent With the following information:

1. Full names... 2. Address... 3. Occupation. 4. Tel/Fax.... 5.
Nationality... 6. Winning Reference Number....

Failure to complete the claims of your cash prize after 14 days of this
notice will result in the revision of award. Hence, you should commence
your claims process immediately, by contacting the claims agent (Mr. David
Gant) who would be guiding you through the Claims process.

Congratulations on your Winning Prize and we look forward to completing
your payout soon.

Yours faithfully,
Clark Briana
Promotions Co-ordinator

Anti-fraud resources: