fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claims agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447035961615 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
Fraud email example:
From: "Irish Lottery Promo" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 6 Jun 2009 03:59:52 +0100 (BST)
Your E-mail I:D have won You A FreeLotto Prize Of £1.000.000 GBP Approved
by the IRISH FOUNDATION PROMO (I.F.P)in 2009 charity bonanza. Based on
random selection exercise of internet websites,millions of
e-mail,worldwide, your e-mail ID. were selected among the 10 lucky winner
to receive the prize of £1.000.000 GBP.as charity donations/Aid from IRISH
Promo Programme held on the 05 of June, 2009.
Mr Ferguson Wright
Tell: +44 703-596-1615
You are therefore requested to contact immediately your Claims Agent (Mr
Ferguson Wright) quoting winning information.
FUND RELEASE VERIFICATION FORM.
1. Full Names:
3. Your Age:
4. Telephone Number.......
5. Mode Of Payment (A) Bank Transfer (B) Courier Deliver
Once Again Congratulations!!!
Chairman & CEO ,
Material Copyright © 2009 The Lottery Co. Ltd.