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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 8 Jun 2009 22:22:55 -0400
Subject: Joseph Hoponu has forwarded a page to you from

Joseph Hoponu thought you would like to see this page from the web site.

Good Day, I am Mr Joseph Yohanna, a citizen of Haiti. I have some reasonable and verifiable funds which I want to invest in your country with you as my managing partner. Although I have an age long interest in the Real Estate business, I would however rely on your advise on any fitable/low risk business venture since you as a citizen of your country would be more accurate as to the best type of business to venture into.Should thisproposal be of any interest to you, please do not hesitate to contact me,immediately.I will provide the complete details of this business proposal as soon as I hear from you . best Regards, Joseph Yohanna Hoponu

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