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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Barr Jeffrey Lee <>
Date: Wed, 10 Jun 2009 09:14:24 +0100

I am Barr Jeffrey Lee, an attorney at law. A deceased client of mine,
that shares the same last name as yours,died as the result of a heart-
related condition on March 12th 2005.His heart condition was due to the
death of allthe members of his family in the tsunami disaster on the 26th
December2004 in Sumatra
Indonesia .

I can be reached on ( ) for
more information.My late Client has a deposit of Nineteen Million
Dollars (US$19 Million Dollars) left behind.

Best regards,
Barr Jeffrey Lee
Attorney at Law
TEL: +60178701635 or 00160178701635

Anti-fraud resources: