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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Juana Joachim <>
Reply-To: Juana Joachim <>
Date: Wed, 15 Jul 2009 16:37:51 -0700 (MST)
Subject: Email Award Notification

Email Award Notification
Dear Winner,

Your E-mail address was selected as winner of the Spanish E-mail Lottery International, Spain.You have won the sum of 615,810.00Euros (Six Hundred and Fifteen Thousand, Eight Hundred and Ten Euros only)
credited to lucky reference number BMG/0988331247/65/INT
To file for your claim, contact Carlos Alfredo of International Lotto Commission S.A,on Tel:+34 634 140 773 Or or

Congratulations once again from all our staff.

Yours Sincerely,
Juana Sanchez Joachim.


Anti-fraud resources: