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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" <>
Date: Mon, 20 Jul 2009 13:06:24 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: NLIT-0921AZ


Dear recipient,
This is to inform you that your
address has won a huge sum of 1,000,000 Euro in the online
promotion of the postcodeloterij point nl.
The reference
details are
BTW098650 and NLIT-0921AZ which are batch number and
reference number

Contact the claimant bank below:
Phone: +31-62-638-1319

All correspondence
should be directed to
Pete Burren.Please mention your winning
reference details as above.

Sincerely Yours
Online Manager.

Anti-fraud resources: