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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "staats loterij" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 13 Aug 2009 14:30:25 +0200
Subject: Dear Lucky Winner,

Dear Lucky Winner,

Your email ID has emerged you a winner of $1,000,000.00 USD in the on going Staats Lotterij Promotions 2009, However the results were released yesterday the 12th, August 2009.

Your email was attached to Ref.No: LSLUK/2031/8161/09 and Batch No:14/011/IPD. The selection process was carried out through a random computerized ballot system from a data base of over 250,000 email addresses drawn from all the continents.
To file your claim you are advised to contact our promotion manager with the information below:
Name: Dr.David Bengal.
Tel: 31 621 632 518
E-mail to:

Kate Peters

Anti-fraud resources: