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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. John Brown" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 21 Aug 2009 00:35:15 -0700
Subject: Joint Venture / Payment

Good Day.
I have an urgent business proposition which entails the investment of a huge sum of money in your country's economy from the U.K . Thus I am seeking your co-operation/Partnership to achieve my objective. The fund is placed in an investors Excess Maximum Return
Capital Profit (EMRCP) with Safeway Trust Funds escrow Account

Get back to me for more details on : and confirm your main area of business interest together with your direct telephone and address. let me know how we can meet and proceed in a Joint Venture.
Expecting your swift response.

Mr. John Brown

Anti-fraud resources: