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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Helen Ann Muhammed" <>
Date: Sat, 5 Sep 2009 04:46:11 +0700 (WIT)
Subject: Re: ATTN: ( CONFIDENTIAL) Very Important


We wish to notify you again that you were listed as a beneficiary to the
total sum of $7,600,000.00USD (Seven Million Six Hundred Thousand United
State Dollars) in the codicil and last testament of the deceased. We
contacted you because you bear the surname identity and therefore can
present you as the beneficiary to the inheritance.

All the legal papers will be processed in your acceptance. In your
acceptance of this deal, we request that you kindly forward to us your
letter of acceptance; your current telephone and fax numbers and a
forwarding address to enable us file neccessary documents at the high
court probate division for the release of this sum of money.

Please contact me via my private email so that we can get this done
immediately. E-mail:( ).

Kind regards,
Barr. Helen Ann Muhammed.

Anti-fraud resources: