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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Victor Williams" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 4 Sep 2009 12:10:29 -0400


Yahoo! Mail announces you as one of the 15 lucky winners in the ongoing
12 Years Yahoo! lottery Award of the Year Held today 4th of September
2009. You have therefore been approved for a lump sum pay of
US$ United States Dollars).

To begin your lottery claims, Please contact our Yahoo! Lottery
Co-ordinator with your Full Names, Occupation, Telephone / Fax Number with
the information below:

Name: Victor Williams
Tel: +1-905-781-9665

Remember, all prize money must be claimed not later than 30th of september,
2009. An original copy of your lucky winning ticket and your deposit
certificate will be sent to you by Administrative Remittance Operation
Manager of (BOM) Bank of Monreal Canada.

Yours Sincerely,

Mrs Tina Akira,
President Yahoo! Lotto Org.

Anti-fraud resources: