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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "2009 PAYMENT AWARD" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 6 Sep 2009 23:21:43 +0200
Subject: Congratulations .................


Attn User!!

This is to notify you that this e-mail address was entered during the Paypal
European selection Draw and has won the sum of $1,700.00 (One Million Seven Hundred Thausand dollars). For payment please contact the below office for immidiate process of your claim; Rememebr to quote
these numbers below for verification by the company. REF: PP-21180-ES and BATCH:
PP-245-44 you should include Your Name, Address, Sex, Age, Occupation,
Nationality, Phone Number

Dr. Alexandra Mayor (Claim Director)
Tel; Tel:+34 634 162 345

Dr.Maria Jose Muyor
Paypal Europe Coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: