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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Leather Bootboy <>
Date: Tue, 8 Sep 2009 18:53:18 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: ***DEAR LUCKY WINNER*** From Prof. Xenia Capote

***DEAR LUCKY WINNER*** From Prof. Xenia Capote

Dear Winner,

Your email has just won the sum of £ 1,628,360.00
in cash credited to a file in the just concluded Dell
International Promo Award Programme held 25th August 2009.

Your e-mail address attached to:
Ticket Number: 8603775966738
Batch: 013/05/8394369
Reference Number: UK/776090X2/23.
WINNING NUMBERS: 9, 18, 21, 24, 37, 48(BONUS.22)
WINNING DATE: 25th August 2009.
For Claims,Contact:
Name: Bar.David Mark
Foreign Services Validation Officer
Tel Phone:+447035955285
Thanks, Please follow instructions for claims immediately


Prof. Xenia Capote,
Lottery Cordinator.

Anti-fraud resources: