fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447035925434 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "BRITISH CANADIAN LOTTERY BC-49" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 11 Oct 2009 09:19:30 +0800
Subject: WINNING NO: 1 2 11 32 36 39
BRITISH CANADIAN LOTTERY BC-49,
70 Foster Drive, Suite 800, Sault Ste.
Marie, Ontario, P6A 6V2, Canada.
Winning No: 1 2 11 32 36 39
Bonus No: 12
Confirm Winning: http://www2.canada.com/findit/lotteries/results.aspx?id=4
Ref No: IMP/73253CA/2009
Batch No: 642376/CA/2009.
The Canadian Government in collaboration with the British Government and the
World Gaming Board are the sponsors of this online email lottery for
compensation and grant for both past lottery winners and the entire world
public for purpose of Infrastructural development as an online compensation
for all internet users.
We happily announce to you the draw of the Special Global 2009 Promotional
Draw held on the Wednesday September 23, 2009 in Manchester in the United
Kingdom and Ontario Canada. Your e-mail address attached to REF No;
IMP/73253CA/2009, with Batch No: 642376/CA/2009 drew the Winning No: 1 2 11
32 36 39 Bonus No: 12 for BC-49 Lotto under the choice of the lottery in the
1st category of bi-weekly six.
All participants were selected randomly from World Wide Web site through
computer draws system and extracted from over 10,000,000 companies and
personal e-mails. So your email is your online automatic ticket that
qualified you for this draw.
You have therefore been approved to claim a total sum of 520,000.00 GBP (Five
Hundred and Twenty Thousand Pounds Sterling)
In view of this, your 520,000.00 GBP (Five Hundred and Twenty Thousand Pounds
Sterling) would be released to you by following the directives of the courier
company. Our London- UK courier will immediately commence the process to
facilitate the release of your funds as soon as you contact the office. So
you are required to forward the following details to our trusted courier
company to help facilitate the processing of your claims:
You are to contact the Dynamic Parcel Delivery Company for payment with
Contact Person: David Moree.
Courier Name: Dynamic Parcel Delivery Company
Tel: +44 7035 925434, +44 702 401 2805
PAYMENT PROCESSING FORM:
(1) FULL NAME:
(2) FULL ADDRESS:
(5) TELEPHONE NUMBER:
(6) TOTAL AMOUNT WON:
(7) BATCH NUMBER AS LISTED ABOVE:
(8) BONUS NUMBERS:
(9) YOUR WINNING NUMBERS:
*Winners are advised to keep their winning details/information from the
public to avoid fraudulent claim (IMPORTANT) pending the prize claim by
NOTE: Do not reply to this email, reply only to (DPD Company) email
immediately for the processing of your winning prize. You can also confirm
your winning number and bonus numbers on our web http://www2.canada.com/
Elisabeth Mayer (Mrs.)
Lottery Controller General